In this article we will go through the most basic topics of Octal (aka Base8): what is Octal, how it works, and how to convert text to Base8 format.

## What Is Octal or Base8?

Octal, often referred to as Base8, is a numeral system that utilizes eight symbols: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7. Similar to binary (Base2) and hexadecimal (Base16) systems, octal is used to represent numerical values in a format that is essential for digital computing and programming. Each digit in octal, or “octet”, can take one of eight values, and this system plays a crucial role in various computing contexts.

## How Does Octal Work?

Each digit in octal indicates an 8th power. The numeral on the right indicates 8^{0} (1), the digit on the left represents 8^{1} (8), the digit after that represents 8^{2} (64), and so on. By using these powers of 8, octal can express greater numbers.

For example, in octal notation, the number “**53**” represents:

`(5 * 8`^{1}) + (3 * 8^{0}) = 40 + 3 = 43 in decimal.

## Convert Text Into Octal Or Base-8

When converting text to octal or Base-8, each character is represented by an octal digit sequence (0-7). This is referred to as character encoding. One of the most common character encoding techniques used for this purpose is ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange).

**Here’s how you can convert text into octal or Base-8 using ASCII encoding:**

**Character to Decimal:**First, each character in the text is converted to its corresponding decimal (Base10) value using the ASCII table. ASCII assigns a unique decimal number to every character, including letters, numbers, punctuation marks, and control characters.**Decimal to Octal:**Once you have the decimal value for each character, you can convert it into octal (Base-8). To do this, repeatedly divide the decimal number by 8 and note the remainder until the quotient becomes zero. The remainders, read from bottom to top, give you the octal representation.

For example, let’s convert the text “**HELLO**” into octal.

**Decimal to Octal:**

- ‘H’ corresponds to 72 in decimal.
- ‘E’ corresponds to 69 in decimal.
- ‘L’ corresponds to 76 in decimal.
- ‘L’ corresponds to 76 in decimal.
- ‘O’ corresponds to 79 in decimal.

**Decimal to Octal:**

- For ‘H’ (72), the octal representation is 110.
- For ‘E’ (69), it’s 105.
- For ‘L’ (76), it’s 114.
- For ‘L’ (76), it’s 114.
- For ‘O’ (79), it’s 117.

So, the text “**HELLO**” in octal is represented as 1**10 105 114 114 117**.

Each character is transformed into its octal counterpart, and spaces are utilized to separate various characters’ octal representations.

## Online Text to Octal and Vice Versa Converter

If you want to speed up this manual process and convert text to octal values or vice versa in a flash, try our free tool.